Capacity To Ship Packages Within D Days

Similar Problems:

- CheatSheet: Leetcode For Code Interview
- CheatSheet: Common Code Problems & Follow-ups
- Tag: #binarysearch, #monotonicfunc

A conveyor belt has packages that must be shipped from one port to another within D days.

The i-th package on the conveyor belt has a weight of weights[i]. Each day, we load the ship with packages on the conveyor belt (in the order given by weights). We may not load more weight than the maximum weight capacity of the ship.

Return the least weight capacity of the ship that will result in all the packages on the conveyor belt being shipped within D days.

Example 1:

Input: weights = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10], D = 5 Output: 15 Explanation: A ship capacity of 15 is the minimum to ship all the packages in 5 days like this: 1st day: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 2nd day: 6, 7 3rd day: 8 4th day: 9 5th day: 10 Note that the cargo must be shipped in the order given, so using a ship of capacity 14 and splitting the packages into parts like (2, 3, 4, 5), (1, 6, 7), (8), (9), (10) is not allowed.

Example 2:

Input: weights = [3,2,2,4,1,4], D = 3 Output: 6 Explanation: A ship capacity of 6 is the minimum to ship all the packages in 3 days like this: 1st day: 3, 2 2nd day: 2, 4 3rd day: 1, 4

Example 3:

Input: weights = [1,2,3,1,1], D = 4 Output: 3 Explanation: 1st day: 1 2nd day: 2 3rd day: 3 4th day: 1, 1

Note:

- 1 <= D <= weights.length <= 50000
- 1 <= weights[i] <= 500

Github: code.dennyzhang.com

Credits To: leetcode.com

Leave me comments, if you have better ways to solve.

- Solution: binarysearch + left is maxNum

// https://code.dennyzhang.com/capacity-to-ship-packages-within-d-days // Basic Ideas: binarysearch // Monotonic function: // The more capacity, the more likely it can ship within D days // Complexity: Time O(n*log(n)), Space O(1) func canShip(weights []int, capacity int, D int) bool { days := 1 sum := 0 for _, w := range weights { // Check whether need a new group sum += w if sum > capacity { days++ sum = w } if days > D { return false } } return true } func shipWithinDays(weights []int, D int) int { sum, maxNum := 0, 0 for _, w := range weights { sum += w if w > maxNum { maxNum = w } } left := maxNum right := sum // N, N, N, Y, Y for left<right { mid := (right-left)/2 + left // Is true if canShip(weights, mid, D) { right = mid } else { left = mid+1 } } // there is always one answer return left }

- Solution: binarysearch + left is avgNum

// https://code.dennyzhang.com/capacity-to-ship-packages-within-d-days // Basic Ideas: binarysearch // Monotonic function: // The more capacity, the more likely it can ship within D days // Complexity: Time O(n*log(n)), Space O(1) func canShip(weights []int, capacity int, D int) bool { days := 1 sum := 0 for _, w := range weights { if w > capacity { return false } // Check whether need a new group if sum + w > capacity { days++ sum = w } else { sum += w } } return days <= D } func shipWithinDays(weights []int, D int) int { sum := 0 for _, w := range weights { sum += w } left := sum/D right := sum // N, N, N, Y, Y for left<right { mid := (right-left)/2 + left // Is true if canShip(weights, mid, D) { right = mid } else { left = mid+1 } } // there is always one answer return left }